WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Two U.S. banking regulators unveiled a proposed overhaul to community lending standards on Thursday, kicking off a contentious policy fight over the proper way to ensure banks are supporting lower-income borrowers where they do business.
The proposal would offer banks more specific examples of what sort of activity qualifies for credit under the Community Reinvestment Act and give them more flexibility in terms of where they engage in that type of lending.
Rules around the CRA, a 1977 law which requires regulators to assess how well banks are serving the needs of lower-income communities, were last updated in 1995.
The new proposal from the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is aimed in large part at accommodating how banks do business now.
However, the rule-writing effort is likely to face opposition from Democrats in Congress and community groups who worry the update could make it easier for banks to pass their exams, leading to fewer loans made in low-income communities.
Banks are regularly graded by their regulators on CRA compliance, and if they come up short they can face restrictions on business activity, such as potential mergers.
Historically, banks have had to invest in low-income neighborhoods around their bank branches and other physical locations. In a nod to the rise of online banking, the proposed rewrite would allow banks to identify other low-income areas that are not near physical locations that they could support, so long as banks take a significant number of deposits from those areas.
The proposal also would give banks more clarity on what types of activity would qualify for credit under the CRA, after banks complained the current process is too opaque and subjective.
Despite drafting a proposed rewrite, the path forward for finalizing any new rules is unclear. The Federal Reserve, which shares responsibility for enforcing CRA rules with the other two regulators, declined to join the rule proposal.
Fed officials have said they are still working on updating the rules themselves but were unable to agree to Thursday’s proposal. The absence of the central bank raises the potential that different banks may have to adhere to different sets of rules depending on who is responsible for directly monitoring them.
The OCC and FDIC plan to accept public comments on the proposal for 60 days, setting the stage for potentially finalizing the rules early in 2020.
Reporting by Pete Schroeder; Editing by Nick Zieminski and Nick Macfie